# Creating Locations¶

What’s in this document?

Locations represent individual GraphDB servers where the repository data is stored. They can be local (a directory on the disk) or remote (an endpoint URL), and can be attached, edited, and detached.

Remote locations are useful when you want to quickly connect another GraphDB instance and execute operations on it. They are also a key component of cluster creation.

The local location is the one that is visible to the RDF4J REST API, while the remote locations are visible and can be used only through the Workbench. All of the locations are always active at the same time.

## Connect to a remote location¶

To connect to a remote location:

1. Start a browser and go to the Workbench web application using a URL of the form http://localhost:7200, substituting localhost and the 7200 port number as appropriate.

2. Go to Setup ‣ Repositories.

3. Click the Attach remote location button and and enter the URL of the remote GraphDB instance, for example http://localhost:7202.

4. In terms of authentication methods to the remote location, GraphDB offers three options:

1. None: The security of the remote location is disabled, and no authentication is needed.

2. Basic authentication: The security of the remote location has basic authentication enabled (default setting). Requires a username and a password.

3. Signature: Uses the token secret, which must be the same on both GraphDB instances. For more information on configuring the token secret, see the GDB authentication section of the Access Control documentation.

Hint

Signature authentication is the recommended method for a cluster environment, as both require the same authentication settings.

5. After the location has been created, it will appear right below the local one.

### Change location settings¶

The location setting for sending anonymous statistics to Ontotext depends on the GraphDB license that you are using. With GraphDB Free, it is enabled by default, and with GraphDB Standard and Enterprise, it is disabled by default.

To enable or disable it manually, click Edit common settings for these repositories.

The following settings dialog will appear:

### View or update location license¶

Click the key icon to check the details of your current license.

Hint

Signature authentication is the recommended method for a cluster environment, as both require the same authentication settings.

Note

As mentioned above, all repositories in the local location are visible through the RDF4J REST API, including as a SPARQL endpoint.

Note

You can connect to a remote location over HTTPS as well. To do so:

1. Enable HTTPS on the remote host.

2. Set the correct Location URL, for example https://localhost:8083.

3. In case the certificate of the remote host is self-signed, you should add it to you JVM’s SSL TrustStore.

## Configure a data location¶

Set the property graphdb.home.data in conf/graphdb.properties. If no property is set, the default repositories location will be in the data directory of the GraphDB distribution.